Reasoning Ability Quiz 141 for IBPS PO

Direction (Q. 1–5): In each questions below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer :
1) If only conclusion I follows. 2) If only conclusion II follows. 3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows. 4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows. 5) If both conclusion I and II follow.

1. Statements : Only circles are rings. Some rings are hollow. Some hollow are round.
Conclusion: I.Some hollow are circles. II.Some circles are not hollow.

2. Statements : Some even are odd. Some odd are number. Some numbers are numerals.
Conclusion: I.Some odds are numerals. II.Some even are numerals.

3. Statements : Some questions are answers. No reply is a question. All answers are defined.
Conclusion: I.Some answers are not reply. II.Some replies are not defined.

4. Statements : All liquid are solid. All solid are ice. Some ices are cold.
Conclusion: I.There is a possibility that all cold are liquid. II.At least some ices are liquid.

5. Statements : Some sheets are clothes. Some clothes are broad. All broad are huge.
Conclusion:- I.Some huge are sheets. II.Some sheets are not huge.

Direction (Q. 6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions : A word and number arrangement machine when given on input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input :24 print 11 engine 13 54 umbrella fellow 12 italian 5 complete.
Step - I :print 12 24 11 engine 13 54 umbrella fellow italian 5 complete.
Step -II:print 12 fellow 24 11 engine 13 54 umbrella italian 5 complete.
Step -III:print 12 fellow 24 complete 54 11 engine 13 umbrella italian 5.
Step-IV: print 12 fellow 24 complete 54 engine 13 11 umbrella italian 5.
Step-V:print 12 fellow 24 complete 54 engine 13 italian 11 umbrella 5.
Step V is the last step of the rearrangement. As per rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following
questions, the appropriate steps for the input given below.
Input:fire 27 hear 36 national 17 unicorn 18 31 quit owner 23 address 11 earn 32.

6. How many steps will be needed to complete the rearrangement ?
1)  Four 2)  Five 3)  Six 4)  Seven 5) None of these

7. Which steps would be the following output ? quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 17 unicorn 31 owner 23 address 11 earn.
1)  III 2)  IV 3)  V 4)  II 5) None of these

8. Which of the following would be at 7th position from the right of step III ?
1)  31 2) Unicorn 3) 17 4)  fire 5) None of these

9. In step V if '18' is related to '11' and '27' is related to '17' in a certain way, which of the following would '36' be related in same pattern ?
1)  earn 2) owner 3) 23 4) 31 5) None of these

10. Which of the following step would be step IV ?
1) quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 address 31 17 unicorn owner 23 11 earn.
2) quit 18 national 27 hear32 fire 36 address 31 earn 23 17 unicorn owner 11.
3) quit 18 national 27 fire hear 36 17 unicorn 31 owner 23 address 11 earn 32.
4) quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 31 address earn 23 17 unicorn owner 11.
5) None of these

 

Answers :-

1.1; Some rings are hollow  –> conversion  –> Some hollow are rings (I) + Only circles are rings –>  conversion   –>  All rings are circles (A) I + A = I = Some hollow are circles. Hence, I follows. But its conversion does not lead to II.

2.4; I + I = No conclusion. Hence, neither conclusion I nor II follows.

3.1; No reply is a question (E) + Some question are answers (I)  =  O*.  i.e.  Some  answers  are  not  reply.  Hence, conclusion I follows. But we can’t proceed further. Hence, II does not follow.

4.5; The possibility exist as there is no negative statement. Again, All liquid are solid (A) + All solid are ice (A) = A (All liquid are ice). All liquid are ice –> conversion –> Some ice are liquid. Hence, II follows.

5.3; They form an I – E. Complementary pair.

(Q. 6-10): The  machine  rearranges  one  word  and  one number in each step. First it rearranges words starting with a consonant  in  reverse  alphabetical  order,  and  then  it rearranges words starting with a vowel in alphabetical order. For  numbers,  it  first  rearranges  composite  numbers  in ascending order, then prime number in descending order.
Input : fire 27 hear 36 national 17 unicorn 18 31 quit owner 23 address 11 earn 32.
Step I :quit 18 fire 27 hear 36 national 17 unicorn 31 owner 23 address 11 earn 32.
Step II:quit 18 national 27 fire hear 36 17 unicorn 31 owner 23 address 11 earn 32.
Step III: quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 17 unicorn 31 owner 23 address 11 earn.
Step IV: quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 address 31 17 unicorn owner 23 11 earn.
Step V: quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 address 31 earn 23 17 unicorn owner 11.
Step VI:  quit 18 national 27 hear 32 fire 36 address 31 earn 23 owner 17 unicorn 11.

6.3;       7.1;        8.2;        9.4;        10.1;

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