Reasoning Ability Quiz 129 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1-3):  Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a “strong” argument and which is a “weak” argument.

1. Statement:Should India engage in joint military exercises with other countries and provide weapons to them?
Arguments: I. Yes: This will increase India's trust bond with other countries and enhance co-operation with other countries.
II. No: Other countries will come to know the weak points of India and can attack.
III. No: Such exercises may anger the big powers of the world.
1) Only I and II 2) Only II and III 3) Only I and III 4) Only I 5) None of these

2. Statement: Should India keep acquiring deadly weapons from its friendly countries and increase financial allocations for weapons?
Arguments: I. Yes: All the neighbouring countries are trying to acquire more and more deadly weapons. They are upgrading their weaponry.
II. No: Weapons do not keep much importance for developing countries. After all, India is not going to fight with any country.
III. No: India is a poor country and it can't afford to invest heavily on acquiring weapons.
1) Only I 2) Only I and III 3) Only III 4) Only II and III 5) None of these

3. Statement: Should India loosen its visa rules for neighbouring countries so that the number of tourists increases in the near future and the economy is boosted up?
Arguments: I. Yes: This will demonstrate that India is cooperative with other countries.
II. No: There may be chances of increased terror activities in India.
III. No: India's economy is already booming and there is no need for such liberal measures to boost the economy.
1) Only III 2) Only II 3) Only I and III 4) All of the above 5) None of the above

Directions (Q. 4-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II and
III. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up  or further action in regard
to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the
statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

4. Statement: Getting admission in higher institutions has become very difficult for children because of the high fee structure.
Courses of action: I. Government should fix some criteria which should be followed by all the institutions, so that
even poor students get a chance to prove themselves.
II. Government can't give any instruction to private institutions. Government should open its own
institutions which can provide better education to the poor.
III. Those who do not get admission should wait for the next academic session
1) Only II 2) Only III 3) Only I 4) Only I and III 5) None of the above

5. Statement: Government has banned the use of polyethylene bags, but its manufacturing is still rampant.
Courses of action: I. There should be strict punishment for those who violate the stipulated norms.
II. The Government should address the people to spread the message that polyethylene is harmful for health and it spoils our environment.
III. The manufacturer should be allowed to divert their goods to other states.
1) Only I and II 2) Only III 3) Only II and III 4) Only I 5) All the above

Directions (Q. 6-9): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below: A, B, C, D, E, F and G are seven persons who travel to office everyday by a particular train which stops at five stations I, II, III, IV and V respectively after it leaves base station.
(1) Three among them get in the train at the base station.
(2) D gets down at the next station at which F gets down.
(3) B does not get down either with A or E.
(4) G alone gets in at station III and gets down with C after having passed one station.
(5) A travels between only two stations and gets down at station V.
(6) None of them gets in at station II.
(7) C gets in with F but does not get in with either B or D.
(8) E gets in with two others and gets down alone after D.
(9) B and D work in the same office and they get down together at station III.
(10) None of them gets down at station I.

6. At which station does E get down?
1) #II 2) #III 3) #IV 4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

7. At which station do C and F get in?
1) #I 2) #II 3) #III 4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

8. At which of the following stations do B and D get in?
1) #I 2) Base station 3) #III 4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

9. After how many stations does E get down?
1) One 2)  Two 3) Three 4) Four 5) Five

10. Mohan and Suresh study in the same class. Mohan has secured more marks than Suresh in the terminal examination. Suresh’s rank is seventh from top among all the students in the class. Which of the following is definitely true?
1) Mohan stood first in the terminal examination.
2) There is at least one student between Mohan and Suresh in the rank list.
3) There are at the most five students between Mohan and Suresh in the rank list.
4) Suresh is five ranks lower than Mohan in the rank list.
5) None of these

Answers :-

1. 4 ,         2. 2 ,         3. 5 ,          4. 3 ,       5. 1

(6-9):  Here  the  persons  who  travel  are:  A,  B,  C,  D, E, F and G.
Stations  are: Base  station, #I,  #II, #III,  #IV and  #V.  Let  us
proceed with the following information: (1), (4), (5), (6), (9),
(8), and (10). These information's give us the following table:

image

Now from clue (2), F gets down at #II. And he got in either at base station or at #I.
Now, since  F  got  down at  #II  and  he had  got  in  with C,  it
implies that both C and F got in either at base station or at #I.
Again, since B and D get down at #III this implies that they
too got in either at base station or at #I.
It is given that E got in with two other persons i.e., in a group
of three persons. Obviously,  E got in at base station.
Hence, once again the above information can be summarised as:

image

6. 3 ,         7. 4 ,         8. 4 ,         9. 4 ,         10. 3

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