Reasoning Ability Quiz 129 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions. A number arrangement machine, when given an input line of numerals, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of the input and the steps of the rearrangement.
Input : 95 roof dry 76 81 song 56 king 37
Step I : 37 95 roof dry 76 81 song 56 king
Step II : 37 dry roof 95 76 81 song 56 king
Step III : 37 dry 56 roof 95 76 81 song king
Step IV : 37 dry 56 king 95 76 81 song roof
Step V : 37 dry 56 king 76 95 81 song roof
Step VI : 37 dry 56 king 76 roof 81 song 95
Step VI is the final output.
In accordance with the rules followed above, answer the following questions.

1. Which among the following will be Step V for the input “47 68 run gun 72 sun 39 fun 54”?
1) 39 fun 47 gun 54 72 68 run sun 2) 39 fun 47 gun 54 68 run 72 sun 3) 39 fun 47 gun 54 run 68 72 sun 4) 39 fun 47 gun 54 run 72 68 sun 5) None of these

2. How many steps are required to get the final output if input is “62 pop 54 top hop 76 88 sop 45”?
1) four 2) six 3) seven 4) five 5) None of these

3. If step III of the machine is “29 opts 43 pots 63 top 54 76 spot”, then after how many steps final output can be drawn?
1) five 2) six 3) four 4) three 5) None of these

4. If “42 for 59 go 67 of 93 82 to” is Step VI, then find out Step III of this machine?
1) 42 for 59 of 82 67 93 go to 2) 42 for 59 go 93 to 67 82 of 3) 42 for 59 go 67 93 of 82 to 4) Can’t be determined 5) None of these

5. Which among the following will be Step III for the input “62 pop 54 top hop 76 88 sop 45”?
1) 45 hop 54 pop top 62 76 88 sop 2) 45 hop pop 54 top 62 76 88 sop 3) 45 hop 54 pop 62 top 76 88 sop 4) 45 hop 54 pop top 76 62 88 sop 5) None of these

Directions (Q. 6-8): Read the following passage and answer the questions given below: Despite debt crisis in US and downgrade of its economy by Standard and Poor's, US government debt still remains the most sought after asset; partly because of want of alternatives, partly because there is no other asset market that is so liquid and partly because the dollar, for all its weakness, remains the international reserve currency. The net result is that while interest rates are likely to rise in the US and growth will be impacted adversely as a result, it isn't a Doomsday scenario.
(A) Government debt bonds are most sought after capital instrument throughout the world.
(B) There have been speculations that the debt crisis may upstage the US as the world's number one economy.
(C) Interest rates hike is a natural corollary to all financial crises.
(D) US dollar as an international reserve currency enables the US economy to wither away all storms.
(E) Standard & Poor's downgrading of the US economy doesn't take into account the liquidity of the US debt market.

6. Which `of the above (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) is an inference of the above passage?
1) A 2) B 3) D 4) E 5) C

7. Which of the above (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) is an assumption of the above passage?
1) A 2) B 3) C 4) D 5) E

8. Which of the above (A), (B), (C), (D) and (E) is a conclusion of the above passage?
1) A 2) B 3) C 4) D 5) E

9. Read the following passage and answer the question given below. Back in the good old days, there was a section officer in Madras. She was scrupulously honest and was posted in key departments whenever the state was brought under President's Rule. The moment an elected government was voted in, she would be transferred to a section where she would not get in the way of the money that could be made. Which of the following is an inference of the above passage? 1) Elected governments do not tolerate insubordination of its officials.
2) During President's Rule, strict tab is maintained on corrupt officials.
3) Lady officers are more strict during President's rule in a state.
4) Honesty is an anathema for elected governments.
5) None of these

10. Read the following passage and answer the question given below. China's relative immunity to terror is due to the fact that it is a 'hard' state. When terrorists attack hard states as happened when Chechen extremists held a school ful of children hostage in Beslan in 2004, the response of the state out-terrorises the terrorists. The final death toll included some 200 children. Which of the following is the consequence/repercussion of the above passage?
1) Hard states like China and Russia are largely immune from scourge of terrorism.
2) Human rights and democracy are a luxury in the countries where terrorism is dealt with brutal methods.
3) Iron hand against terrorism in countries like Russia and Israel has made these countries breeding grounds of terrorism.
4) Human aspects of terrorism need to be addressed.
5) None of these

Answers :-

(1-5):  Alphabets and numbers both are in increasing order.

1. 3; Step V would be—
Input:47 68 run gun 72 sun 39 fun 54
Step I:39 47 68 run gun 72 sun fun 54
Step II:39 fun 68 run gun 72 sun 47 54
Step III:39 fun 47 68 run gun 72 sun 54
Step IV:39 fun 47 gun run 68 72 sun 54
Step V:39 fun 47 gun 54 run 68 72 sun

2. 2; Through the machine, six steps are required to reach the final  output.

3. 4; Step III:29 opts 43 pots 63 top 54 76 spot
Step IV:29 opts 43 pots 54 63 top 76 spot
Step V:29 opts 43 pots 54 spot top 76 63
Step VI:29 opts 43 pots 54 spot 63 top 76

4. 4; Going  upwards  is not  possible and  we can’t  determine Step 3 from Step 6.

5. 1

6. 5 ,       7. 2 ,          8. 4 ,        9. 4       10. 2

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