English Language Quiz 96 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Tobacco was first brought to India by Portuguese merchants 400 years ago. Although there were already some strains of locally-grown tobacco in India these were outclassed by the new imported varieties from Brazil. The trade boomed and tobacco quickly established itself as the most important commodity passing through Goa in the 17th century. Virtually every household in the Portuguese colony took up the new fashion of smoking or chewing tobacco. Later on the British introduced modern commercially-produced cigarettes. Today Tobacco production is an important source of income for India’s farmers. While alternative crops are available in terms of agronomic suitability, in general a move away from tobacco production would result in reduced income and food security for a considerable number of farmers. Manufacturing, particularly of bidi, is also a source of employment and hence of income for a large number of people. Thus any attempts to control the use of tobacco would need to take into account the economic impact on these sectors. On the other hand it also  exacerbates poverty, contributes to world hunger by diverting prime land away from food production, damages the environment and reduces  economic  productivity. To  be effective,  measures to  control the  central  government  regulates advertising  and promotion of cigarettes. The state governments regulate, at most, advertising of other tobacco products. Advertising of cigarettes is currently banned on television and commercial radio stations, and in government owned  premises. Cinema, press and outdoor advertising are permitted, as is sponsorship of sports and other events and cultural activities. The use of hoardings and billboards is, however, restricted in certain areas and some sports grounds. Some state governments have started to follow the policy of the central government. For instance, in 1997, the Government of Delhi State imposed a ban on tobacco advertising. During 1997/98, some other states followed in imposing such a ban, notably Himachal Pradesh and Goa. The central government has considered imposing a total ban on advertising of cigarettes under a new Tobacco Products (Regulation of Production, Supply and Distribution) Bill. The code would have  prohibited the use of personal testimonials by those well known or those specifically working with children. Advertisements were also to be banned in any media aimed primarily at those under 18. However, the code had to be withdrawn in December, 1998, because of lack of cooperation from India’s domestic manufacturers. In particular, the code came into conflict with the promotion of tobacco products at sport venues and the use of prominent celebrities for tobacco promotion. The Tobacco Institute of India is preparing a new code for possible adoption by the tobacco manufacturers, modelled on similar agreements between government and the tobacco industry in European countries, such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. The new code includes standardized health warnings, the publication of tar and nicotine levels, and the introduction of age restrictions for tobacco purchase. Moreover on May 31 every year, the world also observes World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) that is promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO). The objective of observing World No Tobacco Day is to reduce tobacco consumption which can lead to deadly diseases like cancer and early death.

1. When world tobacco day is observed?
1) 30 March 2) 31 May 3) 30 May 4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

2. Which of the following states has also announced to impose ban on Tobacco recently?
1) Delhi 2) Himachal Pradesh 3) Goa 4) Andhra 5) None of these

3. Which of the followings is an action taken by the central Government to reduce tobacco consumption as given in the passage?
1) A complete ban on advertising of tobacco related product.
2) The Central Government has set up an expert committee, consisting of 21 professionals.
3) Some new measures are developed.
4) All of the above.
5) None of these

4. On which issue the Tobacco institute of India is making an agreement between European countries and Government?
1) On acceptable code on tobacco for all tobacco manufacturer.
2) On a global tobacco control treaty.
3) On the submission of the report of expert committee.
4) Data inadequate.
5) None of these

5. Which of the following statements is True in the context of the given passage?
1) Second hand smoking also affects other people's lives.
2) Smoking is currently banned only in the South India.
3) No-Tobacco Day is celebrated only to draw the attention of public.
4) Only public health organisations participate in World No Tobacco Day.
5) None of these

Direction (Q. 6 -7) :  Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the
passage.

6. Outclass
1) Dominate 2) Exceed 3) Fall behind 4) Admissible 5) malleable

7. Conflict
1) Harmony 2) Truce 3) Stability 4) Contention 5) Concord

Direction (Q. 8 -10) :  Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

8. Agronomic
1) Pastoral 2) Urban 3) Agrarian 4) Backwoods 5) Bucolic

9. Exacerbates
1) Heighten 2) Embitter 3) Alleviate 4) Intensify 5) Madden

10. Prohibited
1) Legitimate 2) Crooked 3) Barred 4) Illicit 5) Taboo

Answers :-

1.2 ,    2.5,    3.5 ,    4.1 ,    5.5,     6.1 ,    7.4,     8.2 ,      9.3 ,    10.1

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