Reasoning Ability Quiz 41 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1 – 5): In the following questions, the symbols %, *, $, # and @ are used with the following meaning as illustrated below :
'P % Q' means P is not greater than Q.                                   'P $ Q'  means P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q.
'P * Q' means P is not smaller than Q.                                 'P # Q' means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q.
'P @ Q' means P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q.
Now, in each of the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and
II given below them is/are definitely true.
1) If only conclusion I follows. 2) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
3) If both conclusion I and II follow. 4) If only conclusion II follows.
5) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.

1. Statement :R # S, N * R, M % N
Conclusion : I. M * S II.  R # M

2. Statement :P # M, N * P, R $ N
Conclusion : I. R @ M II.  R * P

3. Statement :R * P, N @ T, S % N, P # S
Conclusion : I. P # N II.  P @ T

4. Statement :D % E, A * B, B # D, C @ A
Conclusion : I. B # E II.  C @ B

5. Statement :T @ P, O % N, R * T, P $ O
Conclusion : I. R @ O II.  P % N

6. Four of the following five pairs of alphabets and numerals have some relationship between their elements as in the case of the pair IMPROVED : 72835164 and hence, form a group. Which one does not belong to the group ?
1) R D M E = 3 4 2 6      2) M O P D = 2 5 8 4       3) V P I E = 1 8 7 6      4) E R M O = 6 3 5 2     5) P E R O = 8 6 3 5

7. Four of the Following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group.
1)Deck     2) Quay 3) Stern 4) Bow  5) Mast

8 . Pointing out to a lady, Rahul Said, She is the daughter of the Woman who is the Mother of the Husband of My Mother. Who is the Lady to the Rahul?
1)     Aunt         2) Grand Daughter     3) Daughter        4) Sister       5) Sister In Law

Directions (Q. 9 – 10) : In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows fro m the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer :
1) If only conclusion I follows. 2) If both conclusion I and II follow.
3) If only conclusion II follows. 4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
5) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.

 

9. Statements :Some Iron are Trains. Some Nickels are Trains. All Nickels are Cobalt.
Conclusion: I.All Iron being Nickel is a possibility. II.Some trains are Cobalt.

10. Statements : Some Beggars are Poor. All Beggars are Rich. No Beggar is Honest.
Conclusion: I.Some Poor are Rich. II.No Rich is Honest.

 

Answers :-

 

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10.2; Some Beggars are Poor (I) –> conversion –> Some
Poor are Beggars (I) + All Beggars are Rich (A) = I + A=
I. Hence, conclusion I Some Poor are Rich follows.
Again, All Beggars are Rich (A) + No Beggar is Honest
(E) –> conversion= A + E = E. No Honest is Beggar.
Hence, conclusion II No Rich is honest follows.

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