Direction (Q. 1 - 10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting for another and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents. Unlike guardianship or other systems designed for the care of the young, adoption is intended to effect a permanent change in status and as such requires societal recognition, either through legal or religious sanction. Historically, some societies have enacted specific laws governing adoption; where others have tried to achieve adoption through less formal means, notably via contracts that specified inheritance rights and parental responsibilities without an accompanying transfer of filiation. Modern systems of adoption, arising in the 20th century, tend to be governed by comprehensive statutes and regulations. When you decide to adopt, you’ll also need to think about whether the adoption will be confidential, semi-open, or open. In a closed adoption (also called “confidential” adoption and sometimes “secret” adoption) is the process by where an infant is adopted by another family, and the record of the biological parent(s) is kept sealed. Often, the biological father is not recorded—even on the original birth certificate. Usually, semi-open refers to an adoption in which the adopters and birthparents meet once or twice and on a first-name-only basis. In addition, they may agree to exchange pictures and letters on an annual or fairly infrequent basis through the adoption arranger. (If your adoption arranger advocates a semi-open adoption, be sure to ask for an exact definition of her terms.) In an open adoption, the adopters and the birthparents both know each other’s full names, both first and last names. (It is not open if only one side has identifying information about the other.) They may agree to exchange photos and letters directly, without using the agency or attorney as a middleman. Sometimes a semi-open adoption later becomes an open adoption, if both parties decide that they want it that way. Choosing adoption is a loving parenting decision that shows you care for your child. Adoptive parents, who may be frightened at first by the idea of an open adoption, may come to realize, once they are comfortable in their new parental roles that they also benefit. Birth fathers, grandparents, and other members of the birth families also can benefit from communication with the adopted child and/or the adoptive family. Many wannabe adopters don’t realize that they have more choices than they know. For example, if they want an open adoption, but their agency does not advocate open adoptions, they can choose another agency. Conversely, if they want a confidential adoption, they should not feel unduly pressured into agreeing to an open adoption. Adopters who agree to an open adoption against their wishes may later find it difficult to fulfil their side of the agreement (for example, sending the birthmother letters and photos). This is terribly unfair to both the birthmother and the child. Agreeing to an open adoption when they don’t want one is also unfair to the adopters themselves. For many agencies, open adoption means that the birthmothers choose pre-approved families from five or six resumes or autobiographies. Some (not many) agencies encourage a complete disclosure of identities between birthparents and adopting parents, as well as an ongoing close relationship. Agencies that support fully open disclosures believe that an open adoption is a better way for adoptive parents and birthparents—as well as the children. Agencies that don’t support open adoption feel just as strongly that continued contact is not a good idea for any of the parties. The pros and cons of open adoption have been endlessly debated by social workers and attorneys. It appears that those who support open adoptions are completely committed to them; those who believe in confidential adoptions seem equally convinced that open adoptions are catastrophic. Adopters need to deal with an adoption arranger that they feel comfortable with. The following table presents some classic differences between the two styles of adoption.
1. What’s the key to success in an open adoption?
1) Access to important medical information.
2) Greater satisfaction with the adoption process.
3) Connection to his or her cultural and ethnic background and ancestry.
4) The most successful adoptions are those where the adoptive parents and birth parents put their child’s interest
before their own and maintain an open and honest relationship.
5) None of these
2. What’s the difference between open adoption and closed adoption?
1) In closed adoption less fear of birth parents reclaiming their child because they know the birth parents and their wishes.
2) In closed adoption adoptive parents and birthparents don’t share their names or contact address and have no ongoing contact after the baby is born.
3) In closed adoption expectant mothers may take part in selecting the adoptive parents who will raise their children.
4) In closed adoption both birth parents and adoptive parents have identifying information about one another.
5) None of these
3. Which of the followings is a disadvantage of open adoption?
1) As in any family, each party will have its own ideas about the best way to raise a child, and about the frequency and level of contact that is best between the child and his or her birth parents.
2) Support in dealing with your feelings of grief and loss that can come up after placement.
3) Personal relationships with the adoptive parents and the child.
4) A sense of control over decisions about placing your child with adoptive parents.
5) None of these
4. How old are the children that are placed in open adoptions?
1) Children above the age of 15 yrs but below the age of 18 yrs
2) Both boys and girls, ages 6 months- 15 years old who have medical needs.
3) Most of the children in open adoption are new-borns or infants.
4) The child must be capable of being adopted.
5) None of these
5. Why do birth parents choose open adoption?
1) Because it is a traditional process of adoption.
2) Other adoptions are not open.
3) Because some family has a good reputation in the society.
4) The reasons vary from one birth parent to the next.
5) Most birth parents opt for open adoption because it lets them create an adoption plan for their baby, choose their baby’s parents and be part of his or her life as he or she gets older.
Direction (Q. 6 – 8) : Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Fascinated 2) Aspirer 3) Quaint 4) Vibrant 5) Candidate
1) Justly 2) Illegally 3) Excessively 4) Fairly 5) Sensibly
1) Consanuinity 2) Race 3) Spurt 4) Course 5) Chase
Direction (Q.9 –10) : Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
1) Fatal 2) Ruinous 3) Blessed 4) Cataclysmal 5) Advantageous
1) Numb 2) Petrified 3) Abashed 4) Comforted 5) Startled
1.4 , 2.2 , 3.1 , 4.3 , 5.5 , 6.2 , 7.3 , 8.1 , 9. 5 , 10.4