English Language Quiz 42 for IBPS PO

Direction (Q. 1 - 10) :  Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. India’s voters chose a Hindu-nationalist, pro-business politician to be their next prime minister, tossing out  the party that has led the country for most of the past 67 years. Riding a wave of voter discontent with the incumbent  Congress party and a sharply slowing economy, the Bharatiya Janata Party, led by Narendra Modi, won 282 of the 545 seats in the lower house of Parliament. It would be the first time in three decades that a single party has captured an outright legislative majority, giving the BJP a strong position from which to push for broad reforms of Asia’s third-biggest economy. Congress—the party that led India’s freedom struggle against the colonial British, and is controlled by the Nehru-Gandhi family—appeared to be holding on to roughly 44 seats, its lowest tally ever. The vote amounted to a surprisingly broad repudiation of Congress’s welfare-focused approach to policy-making and an endorsement of Mr. Modi’s call for more effective governance and business-friendly measures to create jobs and drive growth. “I didn’t get a chance to sacrifice my life in India’s freedom

struggle, but I have the chance to dedicate myself to good governance,” Mr. Modi said to cheers in victory speech in his home state of Gujarat. “I will develop this country. I will take it to new heights.” Mr. Modi tapped into the frustrations of a generation of Indians who climbed out of poverty in the past decade, but who have been prevented from joining the middle classes by slowing growth and a lack of employment. It is a generation that aspires to better work opportunities, a higher standard of living and world-class infrastructure. Public also considered that Modi will change the country 100%. “He will bring rapid development, he will bring foreign companies to India, and everyone will have jobs.”The son of a tea seller, Mr. Modi rose through the ranks of the Hindu nationalist movement before becoming chief minister of Gujarat, in western India. His political career was sullied by religious riots in his state in 2002 that killed more than 1,000 people, most of them Muslims. Critics accuse him of not doing enough to stop the violence, allegations Mr. Modi denies. A court last year said there wasn’t enough evidence to prosecute him. Mr. Modi has been denied entry into the U.S. since 2005 over his  handling of the Gujarat riots, but according to administration officials, he would now be granted a U.S. visa as a head of government. President Barack Obama congratulated Mr. Modi on his victory and invited him to Washington. Analysts say a stronger India with a more predictable business environment could improve ties between the U.S. and India. “If Mr. Modi makes good on his promise to walk on the path of high growth, the benefits of those choices will be felt in Indo-U.S.  bilateral relations,”. On the campaign trail, Mr. Modi avoided religious politics and focused instead on issues of development. Many of his supporters saw him  as an economic saviour capable of  pulling India  out of the  doldrums, a view that  eclipsed concerns over  his polarizing reputation as a Hindu nationalist.

 

1. What does "good governance" mean ?
1) Which lacks parsimony.
2) A governance which has coherence.
3) A term that has become a part of the vernacular of a large range of development institutions and  other actors within the international arena.  
4) All of the above.                             5) None of these

2. What is the deadlock in the career of Prime Minister Narendra Modi as given in the passage ?
1) Modi's rise through India's political ranks has been shadowed by communal violence that took place in 2002.
2) His approach to administration and tendency to hire technocrats.
3) This authoritarian leadership style.
4) Modi's tendency to maintain tight control.
5) None of these

3. Which of the following statements is true about "PM Narendra Modi is expected to have a positive impact on the economy"?
1) Gujarat riots blot has been wiped out it's just that the broader current urgency of economy well–being has overtaken a dated tragedy.
2) Narendra Modi is set to win himself what may be the toughest job in the world.
3) Modi's win is expected to improve trade with the United States and boost the Indian economy.
4) Both 1 and 3.                             5) None of these

4. Which of the following statements is false in the context of the passage ?
1) PM Narendra Modi has assured the positive change and development in the country.
2) The desire for change has been so strong that Indian voters put aside concerns about Modi's Hindu–centric politics and religious riots in his state.
3) Narendra Modi led BJP's strong performance in elections has been welcomed by India, which has been rooting for a stable government to pull the country out of the current economic slowdown.
4) All of the above.                5) None of these

 

5. Fill the appropriate word in the given blank in the context of the passage – PM Modi could not get an opportunity in his life in India's freedom struggle, but he has an opportunity to ______ himself to good governance.
1) Confined 2) Standstill 3) Presided 4) Saddened 5) Dedicate

Direction (Q. 6 – 7) :  Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the
passage.

6. Doldrums
1) Elation 2) Sheer 3) Desperate 4) Taut 5) Stagnation

7. Polarizing
1) Reigning 2) Mourning 3) Wring 4) Dividing 5) Isolating

Direction (Q.18 –20) :  Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

8. Endorsement
1) Sanction 2) Veto 3) Disapproval 4) Averse 5) Elude

9. Sullied
1) Deepen 2) Benefit 3) Besmirch 4) Assent 5) Ensure

10. Eclipse
1) Explain 2) Overshadow 3) Amiable 4) Apprise 5) Ambiguous

 

Answers : - 

 

1.3,    2.1 ,     3.3 ,    4.5 ,    5.5,     6.5,     7.4 ,    8.3,      9. 2 ,    10.1

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