Directions (Q. 1– 10):Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Religion is one of the basic institutions of any society. It is a universal system which is found in every society. Religion can be understood as a social system in which there is common faith, worship, rituals, customs and traditions. It is impossible to know the religions in India without understanding its religious beliefs and practices, which have a large impact on the personal lives of most Indians and influence public life on a daily basis. Indian religions have deep historical roots that are recollected by contemporary Indians. The ancient culture of South Asia, going back at least 4,500 years, has come down to India primarily in the form of religious texts. The artistic heritage, as well as intellectual and philosophical contributions, has always owed much to religious thought and symbolism. Contacts between India and other cultures have led to the spread of Indian religions throughout the world, resulting in the extensive influence of Indian thought and practice on Southeast and East Asia in ancient times and, more recently, in the diffusion of Indian religions to Europe and North America. Therefore the listing of the major belief systems only scratches the surface of the remarkable diversity in Indian religious life. The complex doctrines and institutions of the great traditions, preserved through written documents, are divided into numerous schools of thought, sects, and paths of devotion. In many cases, these divisions stem from the teachings of great masters, who arise continually to lead bands of followers with a new revelation or path to salvation. In contemporary India, the migration of large numbers of people to urban centre and the impact of modernization have led to the emergence of new religions in India, revivals, and reforms within the great traditions that create original bodies of teaching and kinds of practice. In other cases, diversity appears through the integration or acculturation of entire social groups—each with its own vision of the divine— within the world of village farming communities that base their culture on literary and ritual traditions preserved in Sanskrit or in regional languages. The local interaction between great traditions and local forms of worship and belief, based on village, caste, tribal, and linguistic differences, creates a range of ritual forms and mythology that varies widely throughout the country. Within this range of differences, Indian religions have demonstrated for many centuries considerable degree of tolerance for alternate visions of the divine and of salvation.
Religious tolerance in India finds expression in the definition of the nation as a secular state, within which the government since independence has officially remained separate from any one religion, allowing all forms of belief equal status before the law. In practice it has proven difficult to divide religious affiliation from public life. In states where the majority of the population embraces one religion, the boundary between government and religion becomes permeable; in Tamil Nadu, for example, the state government manages Hindu temples, while in Punjab an avowedly Sikh political party usually controls the state assembly. One of the most notable features of Indian politics, particularly since the 1960s, has been the steady growth of militant ideologies that see in only one religious tradition the way toward salvation and demand that public institutions conform to their interpretations of scripture. The vitality of religious fundamentalism and its impact on public life in the form of riots and religion-based political parties have been among the greatest challenges to Indian political institutions in the 1990s.
1. What is the best description of 'Contemporary India' ?
1) Economical and political strong country. 2) Religious India. 3) Caste biased India.
4) Modern India. 5) None of these
2. How do religious beliefs affect politics ?
1) The interconnection between religion and government is inevitable because in varying degrees both institutions are
involved in regulating social behaviour.
2) For strong believers in religion, politics is just a medium to spoil the country.
3) Decisions are always influenced by religion. 4) Both 2 and 3. 5) None of these
3. Which of the following are the functions of religion in society ?
1) To provide mental peace. 2) Religion influences economy. 3) Religion influences political system. 4) All of the above. 5) None of these
4. Which of the following best define the word 'Religion' ?
1) Self interest followed with great devotion.
2) A system of symbols and beliefs only.
3) Worship of a superhuman controlling power.
4) A religion is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence.
5) Either 3 or 4.
5. Which of the following statement strengthen the statement "The impact of modernization has led to the emergence of new religions in India "?
1) In the modern process of change, modernization and urbanization have brought a new change.
2) Religion has increased conflicts and poverty.
3) Modernization is a process which indicates the adoption of the modern ways of life, beliefs and values.
4) All of the above
5) None of these
Direction (Q. 6 –7) : Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning to the word printed in bold as used
in the passage.
1) Mangle 2) Broad 3) Porous 4) Spongy 5) Limited
1) Impenetrable 2) Ratify 3) Stout 4) Scamper 5) Plausible
Direction (Q. 8 – 10) : Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the
1) Preceding 2) Unleash 3) Modern 4) Fashionable 5) Assailants
1) Improvised 2) Profusely 3) Scattered 4) Declared 5) Exemplary
1) Stuff 2) Existence 3) Steam 4) Enervate 5)Scattered
1.4 , 2.1 , 3.4 , 4.4 , 5.3, 6.5, 7.1 , 8.3 , 9.4 , 10.2