Reasoning Ability Quiz 4 for IBPS PO

Directions  (Q.  1-2):  Study  the  following  information  carefully  and  answer  the  questions  given below. Though Punjab cultivates only 16 lakh tones of rice of premium quality, with rice becoming the second largest food to be consumed in the world after wheat, the government has been trying to export it through sea route which is cheaper.
(A) Punjab exports good-quality wheat too.
(B) There is no problem in exporting rice through other routes.
(C) Punjab cultivates a large number of medium-or below- medium quality of rice.
(D) Quality rice is preferred for export.


1. Which of the given statements (A), (B), (C) and (D) is definitely false?
1) Only (B) 2) Only (C) 3) Only (A) 4) Both (B) and (C) 5) None of these


2. Which of the following statements (A), (B), (C) and (D) is definitely true?
1) Only (B) 2) Only (C) 3) Only (D) 4) Both (B) and (D) 5) None of these


3. Over five years unemployment has fallen but the work participation rate, which measures the share of workers in the total population, is also down. The fall in the participation rate is significant for women: from nearly 30% to a little more than 23%. In absolute terms, this means that nearly 35 million women - more than the entire population of Canada – dropped out of the workforce in five years. Which of the following may be an assumption of the above statement?
1) Now lower-middle class can afford not to send their women to work.
2) Now more and more women pursue higher education rather than working at the first opportunity.
3) Unemployment has fallen in proportion to the decline in women's work participation rate.
4) Both 1) and 2)
5) None of the above

4. Among investors, confidence in India has taken a knock. The stock market is down by a tenth in dollar terms this year. That reflects higher interest rates, but also a sense that the government has lost the plot. It has,say its critics, failed to control corruption and public borrowing, fallen behind on infrastructure and proven unable to make decisions. Which of the following strengthens the above statement?
1) The government has maintained its pace of poverty alleviation programmes.
2) The global credit rating agency Crisil has downgraded India's credit rating substantially.
3) By the time India fall behind in infrastructure, it had already upgraded its infrastructure to the world standard.
4) Investor confidence is a necessary factor of growth in a liberalized economy.
5) None of these


Directions (Q. 5-7): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below. Increased competition in the automobile market is contributing to squeezed profit margins, on the one hand, but better deals for the consumer, on the other, including the introduction of newer models by smaller players,threatening the auto biggies' hold on the market. Against this background, it is surprising that a proposal to subsidise the replacement of old cars with  new ones,  in the  name of  pollution control,  has been  put  forward by  the ministry  of heavy  industries and  public enterprises.


5. Which of the following is an assumption which is implicit in the facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) Pollution control measures taken by the government have dampened the spirit of major auto companies.
2) Greater the competition, more profit to the consumer.
3) Pollution control measures of the government have shaken the automobile industry.
4) Private companies are not enthusiastic about replacing old cars with new ones.
5) None of these


6. Which of the following is a conclusion which can be made from the facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) The consumer has a win-win situation in automobile market.
2) The government wants to ensure a fair play between the small and big automobile makers.
3) The government is frustrated about the way cars are polluting the air.
4) Heavy industries are bearing the brunt of growing competition.
5) None of these


7. Which of the following is an inference which can be drawn from the facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) The smaller players have given the big automobile companies run for their money.
2) Big automobile companies can compete with smaller players only by launching newer models.
3) Giving subsidizations is the sole preserve of the government.
4) Earlier there was no competition in automobile sector.
5) None of these

Directions (Q. 8-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below. The most obvious way to encourage energy efficiency, reduce automobile pollution and cut subsidies is to reduce the subsidy on diesel, particularly when the owners of luxury cars and SUVs are becoming unintended beneficiaries of the subsidy. The other obvious way is to subsidise the sale of buses. There can be other innovative ways of serving the same goal. Attractive prizes can be announced for the design of more energy-efficient, robust and comfortable passenger three-wheelers which are an important mode of public transport on rural roads as well as narrow city lanes.


8. Which of the following is an assumption  which is implicit in the facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) There is the desire for promoting energy efficiency and cutting pollution level.
2) Energy efficient automobiles are not available in the market.
3) Government wants to replace cars with energy-efficient three-wheelers.
4) Rural roads need to be refurbished.
5) None of these

9. Which of the following is an inference  which can be drawn from the facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) Luxury car and SUV owners do not intend to avail subsidy on diesel.
2) Buses do not sell because there is no subsidy on them.
3) People enjoy riding three-wheelers in rural areas.
4) Public transport needs to be revamped.
5) None of these


10. Which of the following is a conclusion which can be made from the facts stated in the above paragraph?
1) In the whole controversy about diesel subsidy, the government has lost sight of improving public transport.
2) Subsidy on diesel is at the root of poor energy efficiency, automobile pollution and non-delivery of benefits to the genuine people.
3) Subsidy is the bane of the Indian economy.
4) The government needs to learn a lot to make subsidies meaningful.
5) None of these

 

Answers :-

 

1. (5)

2. (4)

It is given that rice cultivated in Punjab of premium quality is what the government is trying to export. This implies quality gets preference in export.

3. (4)

4.(2)

5.(2)

6. (1)

7.(1)

8.(1)

9.(4)

10.(2)

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