Reasoning Ability Quiz 27 for IBPS PO

Direction (Q. 1–5): In each question below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Give answer :
1) If only conclusion I follows.

2) If only conclusion II follows.
3) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.

4) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
5) If both conclusion I and II follow.


1. Statements : All teas are coffees. All coffees are beverages. All beverages are liquid.
Conclusion: I. All coffees being tea is a possibility. II.All tea if they are coffee will be beverage.


2. Statements : Some apples are custards. No custard is a juice. No pudding is an apple.
Conclusion:- I.All apples can never be a juice. II.Some puddings are custards.


(Q. 3 – 4) :
Statements : No wood is a bat. Some bats are furniture. All furniture are carpets.


3. Conclusion:- I.No wood is furniture. II.No carpet is a bat.


4. Conclusion:- I.All carpets being furniture is a possibility. II.All bats being furniture is a possibility.


5. Statements :- Some smooth are plains. All plains are mountains. Some mountains are not cities.
Conclusion:- I. All plains are smooth. II.Some cities are not mountain is a possibility.


Directions (Q. 6 –10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below :
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them  following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and various steps of rearrangement.
Input :Demand 23 earning jungle 7 output 59 access 4 summer 64 16 power 31 interest 49.
Step - I :access 7 demand 23 earning jungle output 59 4 summer 64 16 power 31 interest 49.
Step -II:access 7 demand 4 23 earning jungle output 59 summer 64 16 power 31 interest 49.
Step -III:access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle output 59 summer 64 16 power 31 interest 49.
Step-IV: access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle 16 output 59 summer 64 power 31 interest 49.
Step-V:access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle 16 interest 31 output 59 summer 64 power 49.
Step-VI: access 7 demand 4 earning 23 jungle 16 interest 31 power 49 output 59 summer 64.
Step VI is the last step of rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following
questions the appropriate step, for the given input.
Input:ink 17 silent 25 outer june queen 3 81 element 19 time 36 utmost 37 100.


6. Which of the following will be the last step of rearrangement ?
1)  Step IV 2)  Step V 3)  Step VI 4)  Step VII 5) None of these


7. Which word / number would be at the seventh position from the left in step IV ?
1) queen 2)  36 3)  17 4)  ink 5) None of these

 

8. Which step would be the following output ?  element 3 June 25 ink 17 silent outer queen81 19 time 36 utmost 37 100
1)  Step I 2)  Step II 3)  Step III 4)  Step IV 5) None of these


9. Which of the following element is third to the right of 'silent' in step V ?
1)  81 2)  utmost 3)  37 4)  time 5) None of these


10. What is the position of 'time' from the right end in the final step ?
1)  fourth 2)  second 3)  third 4)  fifth 5) None of these

 

Answers :-

1.  5; All teas are coffees –> conversion  All coffees are teas + All coffees are beverages (A)  –> A i.e., All teas are beverages. So, both the conclusions I and II will follow.

2. 1; Some apples are custards (I) + No custard is a juice (E)–> I + E = O –> Some apples are not juice. Hence, conclusion I follows. Again, No pudding is an apple (E) + Some apples are custards (I)–> E +  I =  O* –> Some custards  are  not pudding. Hence, conclusion II does not follows.

3. 4; No Wood is a bat (E) + Some bats are Furniture (I) = O* –> Some Furniture are not wood. Hence, I does not follow. Some bats are Furniture (I) + All furniture are Carpets (A) –> I –>  Some bats are Carpet. Hence, II does not follow.

 

4. 5; The possibility stated in conclusion I is inherent in the third statement and the conclusion II is inherent in the second statement. So both the conclusion I and II will follow.

5.  2;  Some  smooth  are  plains  is  a  particular  positive statement. So, conclusion I does not follow. Some Mountains are not Cities –>  from conclusion  Some Cities are not Mountain is a possibility. Hence, conclusion II follows.

(Q.6-10) : The  machine  rearranges the  words  and  the numbers in each step. In first step it rearrange word starting with vowel in alphabetical order followed by a prime number in ascending order. In 2nd step rearranges word starting with a consonant in alphabetical order followed by the square root of a number in ascending order and so on.

Input : Ink 17 silent 25 outer June queen 3 81 element 19
time 36 utmost 37 100.
Step I :Element 3 ink 17 silent 25 outer June queen 81 19
time 36 utmost 37 100.
Step II:Element 3 June 25 ink 17 silent outer queen 81 19
time 36 utmost 37 100.
Step III:  Element 3 June 25 ink 17 queen 36 silent outer 81
19 time utmost 37 100.
Step IV:  Element 3 June 25 ink 17 queen 36 outer 19 silent
81 time utmost 37 100.
Step V: Element 3 June 25 ink 17 queen 36 outer 19 silent
81 utmost 37 time 100.


6.  2;   7.  1;    8.  2;    9.  3;     10.  2;

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