Reasoning Ability Quiz 17 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information carefully to answer the questions given below: P, Q, R, S, T, V and W are seven friends who left for seven different destinations—Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chandigarh and Jaipur—each one on a different day of the week. R left for Jaipur on Monday.On the last day of the week the person left for Bangalore. T left the next day of P, who left for Chandigarh and on the previous day of W. S left for Kolkata on Friday. Q did not leave for either Hyderabad or Bangalore and W left for Delhi.


1. On which day of the week did Q leave?
1) Sunday 2) Saturday 3)  Wednesday 4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

 

2. Who left for Bangalore?
1) T 2) P 3) V 4) Data inadequate 5) None of these


3. On which day of the week did T leave?
1) Tuesday 2) Thursday 3) Sunday 4)  Wednesday 5) None of these


4. Which of the following combinations of person-place is not correct?
1) R—Jaipur 2) P—Chandigarh 3) T—Hyderabad 4) V—Bangalore 5) All are correct


5. Who left on Tuesday?
1) P 2) W 3) Q 4) V 5) None of these


Directions (Q. 6-10):  In each of the questions below, two statements are given followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer


1) if only conclusion I follows.
2) if only conclusion II follows.
3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
5) if both conclusions I and II follow.


6. Statements : All scooters are vehicles.
No vehicle is a four-wheeler.
Conclusions : I.All scooters being four-wheelers is a possibility.
II.Some four-wheelers may be scooters.


7. Statements : Some pencils are black.
Some pens are pencils.
Conclusions : I.Some pencils are pens.
II.No pen is black.


8. Statements : No doctor is rich.
All professionals are doctors.
Conclusions : I.Some rich which are not doctors may be professionals.
II.Some rich being professional is a possibility.


9. Statements : Some poor are honest.
Some honest are sharp.
Conclusions : I.Some poor being sharp or honest is a possibility.
II.At least some poor will be sharp.


10. Statements : All shares are debentures.
No debenture is an equity.
Conclusions : I.At least some equities are not share.
II.That an equity is a share is a possibility.

 

Answers :-

 

1.  Here, seven friends are: P, Q, R, S, T, V and W Seven  destinations  are:  Delhi,  Chennai,  Hyderabad, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chandigarh and Jaipur. Let us proceed with the following direct information: R  — Jaipur—Monday;  Bangalore—Saturday; P — Chandigarh; S — Kolkata — Friday; W — Delhi With the help of above information we get the following table

image

 

Let us use indirect information. Since Q did not leave for either  Hyderabad or  Banglore,  the  above  table helps  us conclude that Q left for Chennai.
Now,  Theft the next day of P’ s departure and on previous day of W’s. According to the above table, P and W did not depart  on  Monday,  Saturday or  Friday. T  did  not  depart on  Monday  or  Friday.
Now P can’t depart on Sunday or Thursday because T did not depart on Monday  or Friday respectively. P can’t departure on Wednesday because W did not departured on Friday.  Hence,  by  elimination,  P left  for Chandigarh  on Tuesday, T left  for its  destination on Wednesday and W left for Delhi  on Thursday. Now look  upon table  II.

 

image

 

Now, since  Tleft for his destination on  Wednesday, it is obvious that T’s  destination is  Hyderabad.
By elimination, V is going to Banglore, and Q left for Chennai on Sunday.
Hence, the above information can be summarised as follow:

image

 

1.   (2)

2.   (3)

3.   (4)

4.   (5)

5.   (1)

6. 4; All scooters are vehicles + No vehicle is a four-wheeler = A + E = E = No schooter is a four-wheeler. Hence neither I  nor II  follows.

7. 1; Some pens are pencils (I) –> conversion –> Some pencils are  pens  (I). Hence  I  follows.  Some  pens  are  pencils  + Some pencisl are black = I + I = No conclusion. Hence II does not  follow.

8. 4; All professionals are doctor + No doctor is rich = A + E = E = No professional  is rich –> conversion  –> No rich is professional  (E).

9. 1; I + I = No conclusion. So possibilities are open (hence I follows) but certainties are not (hence II does not follow).

10. 4; All shares are debentures + No debentures is an equity = A + E = E = No share is an equity  –> conversion  –> No equity is a share (E) –> Some equities are not shares (O). Hence I and II does not follow

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