Cloze Test Passage 2 : English Prep

Although  John  Wisdom’s  writings  in  philosophy show  clearly  the  influence  of  Wittgenstein,  they nevertheless  also  display  a  (1) originality.  Despite  the (2) and  difficulty  of  his  style,  a  careful  reading  of Wisdom  is  seldom (3).  He  is  a  unique  kind  of  genius in  philosophy.

This  essay  is  an  excellent  example  of  Wisdom’s repeated  attempts  to  ( 4)  the  ultimate  bases  of philosophical  perplexity.  A  great  deal  of  the  time Wisdom is  ( 5)  interested  in  finding  out  why metaphysicians  f eel  ( 6 )  to  utter  such  strange sentences (e.g. “Time is unreal”, There are no material

things”,  etc).  According  to  Wisdom,  such  sentences are  both  false  (and  perhaps  meaningless)  and  yet  (7). Even  more  than  Wittgenstein,  Wisdom  has  stressed the “therapeutic” conception of philosophy, a view that comes  out  clearly  in  this  essay  where  he  emphasizes the  analogy  between  philosophical  and  neurotic distress  (8) them  with  other  kinds  of  problems. The  reader  who  is  interested  in  gaining  a  fuller  (9) with Wisdom’s thought is referred to his famous article “Gods in Philosophy and Psycho-analysis”.  Other Minds is  Wisdom’s  most  (10) discussion  of  a  single  topic and  in  many  ways  his  finest  work.

1. 1)  concise 2)  virtual 3) marked
4)  limited 5)  relative


2. 1)  individuality 2)  novelty
3)  originality 4)  complexity
5)  creativity


3. 1)  unprofitable 2)  useful
3)  advantageous 4)  unreliable
5)  durable


4. 1)  jettison 2)  delimit
3)  augment 4)  fortify
5)  explore


5. 1) admirably 2)  primarily
3)  inadvertently 4)  reluctantly
5) happily


6. 1)  depressed 2)  confined
3)  alluded 4)  compelled
5)  adapted


7. 1)  illuminating 2) damaging
3)  confusing 4)  critical
5)  unreliable


8. 1)  compelling 2)  associating
3)  contrasting 4)  describing
5)  advocating


9. 1)  comparison 2)  analysis
3)  agreement 4)  elaboration
5)  acquaintance


10. 1)  projected 2)  sustained
3)  prolonged 4)  prolific
5)  attributed

Perplexity = confusion;  t he  stat e  of  being
confused or worried


Metaphysics = the  branch  of  philosophy  dealing
with the nature of existence, truth and  knowledge


Utter = to  say  something;  t o  express
something in speech.


Therapeutic = of or connected with healing; having a good general effect on the body or the mind


Neurotic = having  or  showing  an  abnormal anxiety  or  obsession  about


something;  caused  by  or  suffering from  a  mental  illness  that  causes depression or abnormal behaviour


Concise = brief


Virtual = almost or nearly the thing described, but not completely.


Jettison = to abandon or reject something that is not wanted.

Augment = to make something larger in number or size; to increase something


Fortify = to  make  somebody  feed  stronger, braver etc.


Explore = to examine something thoroughly in order to test it or found out about it.


Inadvertent = not  done  deliberately  or intentionally


Reluctant = unwilling and therefore slow to act, agree etc.


Allude = to  mention  somebody/something briefly or indirectly.


Adapt = to  make  something  suitable  for  a new use situation etc.


Acquaintance  = slight  knowledge  of  something


Prolong = to  make  something  last  longer;  to extend  something


Prolific = producing many works.

Answers :

1. 3     2. 4     3. 1    4. 5     5. 2
6. 4     7. 1     8. 2    9. 5     10. 3

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