Cloze Test Passage 1 : English Prep

Direction:  In  the  following  passages  there  are blanks,  each  of  which  has  been  numbered.  These numbers  are  printed  below  the  passage  and against  each  five  words  are  suggested,  one  of which  fits  the  blank  appropriately.  Find  out  the appropriate  word  in  each  case.

Economic  backwardness  of  a  region  is  (1) by  the co-existence  of  unutilized  or  underutilized  (2)on  the one  hand,  and  ( 3)natural  resources,  on  the  other. Economic  development  essentially  means  a  process of (4)change whereby the real per capita income of an economy (5)over a period of time. Then, a simple but meaningful  question  arises:  what  causes  economic development?  Or  what  makes  a  country  developed? This  question  has  absorbed  the  (6)  of  scholars  of socio-economic change for decades. Going through the (7)history of developed countries like America, Russia and  Japan,  man  is  essentially  found  as  (8) in  the process  of  economic  development.  Japan,  whose economy  was  (9) damaged  from  the  ravages  of  the Second World War, is the clearest example of our time to  (10) kingpin  role  in  economic  development.

1. 1)  developed 2) cured
3) improved 4)  enhanced
5)  characterised


2. 1)  sources 2)  finances
3)  funds 4)  manpower
5)  industries


3. 1)  exhaustive 2)  unexploited
3)  abundant 4)  indefinite
5)  unreliable


4. 1) upward 2)  drastic
3)  negligible 4)  incredible
5)  sudden


5. 1)  diminishes 2)  degenerates
3)  increases 4)  succumbs
5)  stabilizes


6. 1)  plans 2)  attempts
3)  attention 4)  resources
5)  strategy


7. 1)  existing 2)  glorious
3)  ancient 4)  economic
5)  discouraging


8. 1)  pivotal 2)  neutral
3)  insignificant 4)  enchanted
5)  vicious


9. 1)  increasingly 2)  always
3) gradually 4)  deliberately
5) badly


10. 1)  enlighten 2)  validate
3)  negate 4)  underestimate
5)  belittle

Absorb = to  hold  somebody’s  attention  or interest completely
Ravage = to  damage  something  badly;  to destroy  something
The  ravages = the damaging effect of something; of  something the destruction done by something
Kingpin = a  person  of  thing  essential  for success
Enhance = to  increase  or improve  further  the good  quality,  value  or  status  of something
Incredible = difficult to believe; extraordinary
Diminish = to  decrease;  to  become  or  make something smaller or less
Degenerate = to pass into a worse physical, mental or  moral  state  that  one  which  is considered normal or desirable.
Succumb = to fail to resist an illness, an attack etc
Pivotal = central; of great importance because other things depend on it.
Vicious = acting or done with evil intentions; cruel and violent.
Enlighten = to give somebody greater knowledge or understanding
Validate = to  show  that  something  is reasonable  or  logical;  to  make something legally valid
Negate = to cancel the effect of something; to nullify something
Belittle = to make a person or an action seem unimportant or of little value.

Answers :

1. 5  2. 4  3. 2  4. 2 5. 3
6. 3  7. 4  8. 1  9. 5  10. 2

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