Direction: In the following passages there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Economic backwardness of a region is (1) by the co-existence of unutilized or underutilized (2)on the one hand, and ( 3)natural resources, on the other. Economic development essentially means a process of (4)change whereby the real per capita income of an economy (5)over a period of time. Then, a simple but meaningful question arises: what causes economic development? Or what makes a country developed? This question has absorbed the (6) of scholars of socio-economic change for decades. Going through the (7)history of developed countries like America, Russia and Japan, man is essentially found as (8) in the process of economic development. Japan, whose economy was (9) damaged from the ravages of the Second World War, is the clearest example of our time to (10) kingpin role in economic development.
1. 1) developed 2) cured
3) improved 4) enhanced
2. 1) sources 2) finances
3) funds 4) manpower
3. 1) exhaustive 2) unexploited
3) abundant 4) indefinite
4. 1) upward 2) drastic
3) negligible 4) incredible
5. 1) diminishes 2) degenerates
3) increases 4) succumbs
6. 1) plans 2) attempts
3) attention 4) resources
7. 1) existing 2) glorious
3) ancient 4) economic
8. 1) pivotal 2) neutral
3) insignificant 4) enchanted
9. 1) increasingly 2) always
3) gradually 4) deliberately
10. 1) enlighten 2) validate
3) negate 4) underestimate
Absorb = to hold somebody’s attention or interest completely
Ravage = to damage something badly; to destroy something
The ravages = the damaging effect of something; of something the destruction done by something
Kingpin = a person of thing essential for success
Enhance = to increase or improve further the good quality, value or status of something
Incredible = difficult to believe; extraordinary
Diminish = to decrease; to become or make something smaller or less
Degenerate = to pass into a worse physical, mental or moral state that one which is considered normal or desirable.
Succumb = to fail to resist an illness, an attack etc
Pivotal = central; of great importance because other things depend on it.
Vicious = acting or done with evil intentions; cruel and violent.
Enlighten = to give somebody greater knowledge or understanding
Validate = to show that something is reasonable or logical; to make something legally valid
Negate = to cancel the effect of something; to nullify something
Belittle = to make a person or an action seem unimportant or of little value.
1. 5 2. 4 3. 2 4. 2 5. 3
6. 3 7. 4 8. 1 9. 5 10. 2