friends . here bankers guru adda Providing material on FAMILY OR BLOOD RELATIONS TEST

How to Prepare and Notes for Preparation

Definition and Concept :

  1. Family or Blood Relationship means persons connected by relations like – father-mother, son daughter, brother-sister, grandfather-grandmother, uncle-aunty, nephew-niece, brother-in-law sister-in-law etc. The list can go on and on adding members from father’s side and mother’s side etc.
  2. Questions in Test of Reasoning on Family /Blood Relationship are about the relationship of a particular person with another person of the family, based on the chain of relationships between other members of that family.
  3. The questions depict relationships among the various members of a family in a roundabout chain. The candidate is expected to find the relation of two particular persons mentioned in the question. An example of a question on Blood Relationship is given below to understand the concept in a better way

Example 1:

Introducing Neeta, Anil said, ‘She is wife of my mother’s only son.’ How is Neeta related to Anil?

(1) Mother (2) Wife (3) Sister (4) Daughter-in-law (5) None of these

Solution: Neeta is the wife of Anil’s mother’s only son, who is Anil himself. Hence, answer is Neeta is Anil’s wife. i.e. (2) Wife.

Example 2:

‘Ram’ is the father of ‘Kusha’ but ‘Kusha’ is not his son. ‘Mala’ is the daughter of ‘Kusha’.’Shalaka’ is the spouse of ‘Ram’. ‘Gopal’ is the brother of ‘Kusha’. ‘Hari’ is the son of ‘Gopal’. ‘Meena’ is the spouse of ‘Gopal’. ‘Ganpat’ is the father of ‘Meena’. Who is the grand daughter of ‘Ram’?

(1) Hari (2) Mala (3) Meena (4) Shalaka (5) None of these


‘Mala’ is the daughter of ‘Kusha’ and ‘Ram’ is the father of ‘Kusha’. So, ‘Mala’ is the granddaughter of ‘Ram’. Hence, answer is (2) Mala

4. Family/Blood Relation Tests are an exercise to test the candidate’s ability to comprehend and come to the crux of an issue from complex, lengthy and unclear data.

5. On a lighter note, this topic of Family/Blood Relations should be of interest to the candidates who are fans of Hindi Cinema, as the nature of the questions on Family/Blood Relations are of the type ‘Hum Aapke Hai Kaun’

Family/Blood Relations Described


6. Family/Blood Relations tests largely depend on the candidate’s knowledge of family relations. Various family relationships are described below to help the candidates to understand the relationships better and to attempt the questions based on them with confidence.

Some Common Terms

7 Meaning of some terms often used in questions on family relationship are given below:
a) Parent – Mother or father
b) Child – Son or daughter (even if an adult)
c) Sibling – Brother or sister (Including half brother and half sister - one parent in common)
d) Spouse – Husband or wife

Basic Relationships

Aunt, Uncle, Niece and Nephew

8 Most English speakers use “uncle” for any of four relationships: father’s brother, mother’s brother, father’s sister’s husband, or mother’s sister’s husband.
9 Again, “aunt” in English could mean father’s sister, mother’s sister, father’s brother’s wife, or mother’s brother’s wife.
10 Brother’s or sister’s son is called nephew. Brother’s or sister’s daughter is called niece.
11 Children of aunt or uncle are called cousins.

Relationships Involving the Term ‘-in-law’


12 Any relationship term ending with -in-law indicates that the relationship is by marriage and not by blood. In other words, -in-law will be a blood relative of the spouse.

13 In-law relationship terms are always written with hyphens. And the plural is formed on the part before the “-in-law”; for example, “brothers-in-law” and not “brother-in-laws”. The only exception is the general term “in-laws”, which is always plural.

Father-in-law, Mother-in-law, Son-in-law and Daughter-in-law

14 Father-in-law is the father of spouse; mother-in-law is the mother of spouse. If parents get divorced and remarry, their new spouses are called stepparents, not mother-in-law and father-in-law.
15 The husband of daughter is son-in-law; the wife of son is daughter-in-law. If spouse has children from a previous marriage, those are called stepchildren, not sons-in-law or daughters-in-law. The person is their stepfather or stepmother, not their father-in-law or mother-in-law.

Brother-in-law and Sister-in-law

16 Brother-in-law” and “Sister-in-law” each have two or three meanings as follows:
a) Sister-in-law could be
i) The sister of spouse, or
ii) The wife of brother, or
iii) The wife of spouse’s brother.
b) Similarly, Brother-in-law could be
i) The brother of spouse, or
ii) The husband of sister, or
iii) The husband of spouse’s sister.

Relationships Involving the Terms ‘Grand’ and ‘Great’
17 The relationships of the second generation are prefixed with the word Grand. For example, for a person, the first generation below him/her would be that of his/her child/children. The next/second generation would be the children of the children who would be called Grand Children of that person. The next/ third generation children would be called Great Grand Children of that person. This also applies to Niece  and Nephew. For example Son of nephew of a person is called Grand Nephew and so on.
18 Similarly, for a person, the first generation above him would be that of his/her parents (Father/ Mother). The next/second generation above him/her would be the parents of the parents who would be called Grand Parents/ Grand Father/ Grand Mother of that person. The next/ third generation parents would be called Great Grand Parents/ Great Grand Father/ Great Grand Mother of that person.
19 This also applies to the collateral relationships. For example Son of nephew of a person is called Grand Nephew; Brother of Grand Father is called Grand Uncle and so on.
20 The fourth generation relationships are called Great Great Grand. For example, Son of Great Grand Son is Great Great Grand Son. Half Sibling and Step Relations
21 Questions on Half Sibling and Step Relations are not very common in Bank exams. The information given below is only for very discerning candidates.
22 A half sibling (half brother or half sister) is a sibling with one shared biological parent.

23 When a parent remarries, the new spouse is the stepfather or stepmother of any children from the previous marriage. The children from a previous marriage are stepsons and stepdaughters. One is called stepbrother or stepsister if they have no parents in common but their parents have married each other. There are two ways Martha could have a stepsister:
a) If Martha’s mother marries second time, and her new husband (Martha’s new stepfather) already has a daughter from a previous marriage, that daughter is Martha’s stepsister because one of her parents is married to one of Martha’s parents.
b) If Martha’s father marries second time, and his new wife already has a daughter, that daughter is again Martha’s stepsister.
24 A similar rule gives the two ways for stepbrother.

Summary of Some Common Relationships

25 Summary of some common Relationships is given below in tabular forms:




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