Directions (Q.1-15): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Frustration is a global cancer. It has spared no country. In Some countries, frustration exists because these countries are populated by “have-nots”. In other countries, which are populated by ‘haves’, frustration is among them also because they do ‘have’. As far as India is concerned, its education system is breeding more and more frustration among both students and teachers. And yet, no one sees what can be done to make it more meaningful. Many reforms have been discussed at length but have come to nothing for one reason or another. The authorities are now peddling the idea of autonomous colleges as a means of toning of teaching standards. They argue that by allowing certain colleges to introduce their own courses, hold seminars and above all, evolve their own method of assessing students, students, students will get a far better deal. Indeed, they make out that such college will have free hand in nearly everything except granting degrees. In theory, all this sounds attractive enough. But there is little to show that the managements concerned are keen on such reforms. Even today, nothing prevents a college from inviting guest speakers on the specialized subjects or holding courses in English for vernacular students. But not a single one of those who are now clamouring for autonomy has bothered to do so; it is no secret that colleges which may be freed to an extent from university control are highly elitist. In Mumbai, for example, there is a big cultural gulf between city colleges and suburban college, if some of the former are now given a degree of autonomy, it will only heighten this disparity.
The answer to the vexing problem of declining standards in higher education does not lie in encouraging the growth of ‘model institutions but in improving overall standards. This is, of course, easier said than done. Since, more and younger people are seeking degrees, the only solution, however unpalatable it may sound, is drastically to reduce the number of those who are admitted to colleges. Even though there is political pressure on many state governments to build new colleges and to reserve more seats for backward classes, it will be sheer folly to expand such facilities recklessly without giving any thought to the quality of education imparted. If admissions are made very selective, it will automatically reduce the number of entrants. They should apply particularly to new colleges, many of which are little more than degree factories. Only then can the authorities hope to bring down the teacher-student ratio to manageable proportions. What is more, teacher should be given refresher courses every summer vacation to brush up their knowledge. Besides, if college managements increase the library budget it will help both staff and students a great deal. At the same time, however, it will be unfair to deny college education to thousands of young men and women unless a start, why can’t the government disqualify graduates from securing certain jobs say. Class III and IV posts? Once the degrees are delinked from jobs, at least in some important departments, it will make many young people think twice before joining college.
1. The author’s chief concern seems to be
1) Frustration among students
2) Spread of college education
3) Standard of education
4) Autonomy of college
5) Delinking of degree
2. The author’s attitude is
1) Cynical 2) optimistic 3) Critical
4) Conservative 5) Constructive
3. What, according to the passage, would be the result of granting autonomy to some Colleges?
1) The teacher-students ratio will come down
2) Disparity between city and suburban colleges will increase
3) Colleges will multiply
4) Some colleges would start selling degrees
5) All of the above
4. Which of the following is the most significant feature of the scheme of autonomous colleges according to the passage?
1) They can introduce new course
2) They can hold seminars
3) They can evolve their method of assessment
4) They can award degrees
5) They can make admissions without restrictions
5.The author does not believe that
1) Colleges have the capacity to develop courses
2) College have the expertise for assessment
3) Some colleges are only degree factories
4) College managements are really keen on reforms
5) Some colleges are elitisted
6. To which of the following does the author give precedence?
1) Increasing library facilities
2) Holding refresher courses for teachers
3) Abolishing reservation for backward classes
4) Stopping opening of new colleges
5) Instituting entrance examinations
7. Where has the author slipped while making suggestions?
1) The teacher-student ratio be brought down
2) Improvement should not be restricted to select institutions
3) College teachers need refresher courses
4) Political pressures should be withstood
5) None of the above
8. Frustration in the world is a result of which of the following?
I. large number of “Hoes”
II. Large number of “Have-nots”.
1) Only I 2) Only II 3) Only III 4) I and II 5) None of these
9. Which of the following is the main difficulty, according to the passage, in the way of improving standards?
1) Paucity of library facilities
2) Paucity of funds
3) Ever increasing number of young men wanting degrees
4) Grant of autonomy of college
5) Absence of refresher courses
10.How, according to the passage, can the number of students taking college education the reduced?
1) By making selective admissions
2) By reducing the number of colleges
3) By abolishing the reservations of seats for backward classes
4) By discouraging the founding of model institutions
5) by removing some of the students already admitted
11. Why, according to the passage, do more and more young men go in for college education?
1) Because more and more colleges are opened
2) Because more and more seats are reserved for backward classes
3) Because employers insist on degrees even for clerical jobs
4) Because many colleges help them get degrees easily
5) Because more and more facilities are made available
Directions (Q. 12-13): Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.
1) Annoying 2) Recurring 3) Irresolvable 4) Complex 5) Dangerous
1) Introduce 2) Start 3) Develop 4) Abandon 5) Establish
Directions (Q.14-15): choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.
1) Right 2) Exact 3) Mistake 4) Action 5) Wisdom
1) Widen 2) Decrease 3) Strengthen 4) Dissolve 5) Disappear